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Education to Everybody / Structures in Ljubljana
DOCOMOMO Student Workshop, Ljubljana 24-28 August 2018
The International Docomomo Student Workshop will be organised in Ljubljana from 24-28 August 2018, in conjunction with The 15th International Docomomo Conference that is scheduled in Slovenia’s capital Ljubljana. The 5-day workshop will focus on the use of generic structures as a design tool, by analysing and elaborating on the 1936-1964 series of standardised corridor-free school buildings designed by the Slovenian Modern Movement architect Emil Navinšek. The iconic 1964-73 Ferantov Vrt hybrid structure by Edvard Ravnikar will be a second reference - both architects are students of the famous Slovenian architect Jože Plečnik. International and interdisciplinary student teams will be challenged to propose sustainable interventions and extensions for one building, that could serve as a model for other of the 38 corridor-free school buildings that Navinšek designed nationwide, and even for the many standardised school buildings in other countries. The workshop will take place in Emil Navinšek’s 1958s Majda Vrhovnik Primary School, right next to Cankarjev Dom, the Docomomo Conference venue. This area was a centre of Roman Emona and has very rich archaeology, which is represented right next to the school, in Ferantov Vrt and in The Republic Square with Cankarjev Dom. The workshop results will be presented to the international audience in the evening of the conference opening day, as well as online.
The theme and title for the Workshop is “Education to Everybody / Structures in Ljubljana”. The main objects will be the Tone Čufar and/or the Majda Vrhovnik Primary Schools, designed by Emil Navinšek (1904-1991). Main other references of study will be The National and University Library and other downtown buildings by Jože Plečnik, as well as the famous Ferantov Vrt hybrid structure, by Edvard Ravnikar (1907-1993).
The first corridor-free school by architect Emil Navinšek was realized in 1936 with Bežigrad High School in Ljubljana. In the following decades in total 38 corridor-free schools were built, all based on Modern Movement ideals such as social justice, experiment, prefabrication, rationalisation, as well as new standards in daylight, ventilation and hygiene. The corridor-free design by Emil Navinšek corresponds to current trends in school design where educational activities are extending beyond the limits of traditional classrooms.
The school buildings have been in continuous use for more than half a century and show similar advantages and problems of renovation. Many of the schools were renovated, extended or altered in various ways. In the last decade especially renovations according to energy efficiency directives were carried out. However, such interventions were not coordinated, and solutions varied from building to building, in spite of Emil Navinšek's systematic approach to design the school buildings originally. This included standardized spatial units, unified technical solutions and a variety of architectural elements, which he combined in various ways to assemble unique solutions that still form part of the system. In most cases the alterations were not to the benefit of original design, thus loosing important examples of modernist architecture. Unified guidelines and coordinated design solutions are needed for future renovations and upgrading, preferably based on the understanding of Emil Navinšek’s systematic design approach.
Although the buildings continue to be well used most of them do not respond to changes in pedagogics and current educational insights. This may require a revision of classroom design, additional halls and spatial features for teamwork and individual studies. In addition, technical upgrading is necessary in terms of public accessibility (elevators, ramps), energy efficiency and earthquake resistance. All these requirements must be confronted with the nature of modernist heritage represented by those buildings.
Furthermore some school buildings are located in areas that are no longer strictly residential and may need to accommodate a broader and urban functional program. In compensation, classrooms may need to be added elsewhere requiring the building to be extended, without disfiguring the buildings or affecting their historical value. Some amenities of the school buildings, like sports halls, libraries or cafeterias are either outdated or lacking altogether, requiring further renewal and extensions, posing new architectural design and conservation challenges. The developed solutions may serve as a model for other of the 38 school buildings that Navinšek designed nationwide, and even for the many standardised school buildings in other countries.
III. WORKSHOP DOCUMENTATION
Workshop documentation will be available in a later stage for download (only for selected participating students and tutors).
IV. METHODOLOGY AND RESULTS
The International Docomomo Student Workshop is set up in two parts of one and a half to two days each: the first on research, the second on design. First we will focus on the use of generic structures as a design tool, by analysing and elaborating on the series of standardised school buildings designed by Emil Navinšek. Second we will compare it to the famous Ferantov Vrt hybrid structure by Edvard Ravnikar, as well as The National and University Library and other downtown buildings by Jože Plečnik. In order to broaden the analysis in an international perspective, foreign student-teams will be requested to bring an analysis of a building design of their preference, preferably from their own country, in which “structure” has been a major design theme.
In the second part, interdisciplinary student teams will be challenged to propose sustainable interventions and extensions for one of the school buildings. The final day will be scheduled to elaborate the design and to work as a team on a 7-minute final presentation.
IV.2 Educational aims
The educational goal of the workshop is that students will explore and develop skills:
- to reflect on the history and theory of architecture in relation to the design;
- to analyze and interpreting the basic historic layers of the site and the object;
- to analyze and interpreting the relationship between society and the built environment;
- to design an architectural intervention in a historic structure, responding to historical, spatial, aesthetical, structural, technical, functional and sustainable requirements;
- to present research and analysis as well as design proposals with imagery and new media to illustrate their essence;
- to work in a limited time frame.
IV.3 Results, exhibition, presentation
Each teams’ results will consist of a maximum of four panels (see Poster Instructions) in hard copy and as pdf files, and an oral presentation supported by Power Point by one or more of the team members.
Panels will be exhibited in Cankarjev Dom First Foyer during 15th International Docomomo Conference. Thus the panels should graphically summarize the team results in an understandable way without oral elucidation. Some selected presentations will be presented on the first evening of the 15th International Docomomo Conference.
IV.4 Poster Instructions
1. Workshop Poster Header to insert
Click here to download
2. the 10 cm belt for the:
- Left: POSTER TITLE (font: ARIAL CAPITAL BOLD 48pt)
- Right: Author and co-authors names (font: Arial Bold 36pt)
- text in this part must be written on central line with left alignment
3. Distance 1.5 cm from the paper edges all sides below the Header
4. Poster surface background is WHITE.
sample of poster for workshop can be downloaded here
At the conclusion of the workshop students will receive a certificate of participation.
V. TIME SCHEDULE
|23.08. Thursday:||Arrival, hostel accommodation|
Registration at the workshop venue,
|25.08. Saturday:||Morning: continue of research and analysis, first presentation
Afternoon: start design regarding site-program-object
Evening: optional lecture
|26.08. Sunday:||Research and analysis: presentation of conclusions
Design: object-spatial layout-façade-materials-details
Evening: optional lecture
|27.08. Monday:||Design: facade-materials-details-finishes-colour
Evening: evaluation of the team’s results
|28.08. Tuesday:||Day: teams prepare presentation
Late afternoon: presentation
Evening: selected presentation at the 15th International Docomomo Conference
Detailed time schedule is subject to change and will be announced in later stage.
Students from foreign architectural schools will be mixed with local students in international as well as multidisciplinary teams, involving planners, architects, researchers, historians, interior designers, conservators and so on. Teams will be composed of 7-10 students, each with preferably one local and one foreign tutor.
List of tutors will be announced in a later stage.
VI.3 Selection and Registration
Individual students will be selected on the basis of a motivation letter and their CV. Student teams will be accepted on the basis of a common motivation letter, their individual CV’s and a motivation letter and CV of their tutors. Motivation letters and CV should be limited to 2 pages (A4) and submitted during the online registration for student workshop, before 31st of March 2018. The selection of the applicants will be done by the Workshop Organising Committee and announced on the conference website by 30th of April 2018. The workshop registration fee for the selected students should be paid before 31st of May 2018.
VI.4 Deliveries by students
Participating students (-teams) are requested to prepare in advance an analysis of one preferred structuralist building, preferably in their own country. Participants are expected to bring their own laptop computers.
VII. WORKSHOP FEE
The workshop fee is €160. The fee includes:
- Workshop material (except computer),
- Free access to lectures, visits and tours within the workshop,
- Certificate of participation.
Accommodation and transport are not included in the fee.
Please note that attendance at the XV. International DOCOMOMO Conference is not included. All workshop student participants can attend it by paying the student registration fee for the conference.
VIII. ORGANISING COMMITTEE
Workshop Chair: Prof. Wessel de Jonge, Delft University of Technology (NL), Co-chair DOCOMOMO ISC/Education and Theory
Adj. Prof. Dr. Andrea Canziani, Politecnico di Milano (IT), Co-chair DOCOMOMO ISC/Education and Theory, conference Scientific Committee Member
Doc. Dr. Sonja Ifko, University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Architecture (SL), DOCOMOMO Slovenia
Doc. Mitja Zorc, University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Architecture (SL), DOCOMOMO Slovenia
Doc. Dr. Nataša Koselj, DOCOMOMO Slovenia Chair (SL), conference Executive and Scientific Committee member.